Hvem fortjener mest beskyttelse: de 14 dræbte og mange flere overlevende ofre efter terrorangrebet i amerikanske San Bernardino?
Eller terroristerne, der døde og måske har medskyldige, som kan fanges via deres telefon?
Direktøren for FBI er ikke i tvivl: han sætter sig på ofrenes side og har netop offentliggjort en skarp appel rettet mod Apple.
Apples iPhone har haft kryptering siden 2014.
Det betyder, at myndighederne kun kan få adgang til indholdet på en telefon, hvis de har koden.
Hvis koden indtastes forkert 10 gange, risikerer indholdet på telefonen at blive slettet.
Det tør FBI ikke risikere, og har derfor uden held bedt IT-giganten om at hjælpe med at åbne telefonen, en iPhone 5C, som en nu afdød terrorist havde fået af sin arbejdsgiver.
FBI-direktør: Vi forfølger terrorister
For Apple nægter nemlig fortsat at hjælpe FBI med at manipulere en iPhone, som terroristerne ejede, så den kan blive lukket op og undersøgt af de amerikanske myndigheder:
- Vi ønsker ganske simpelt - med en dommerkendelse - at forsøge at gætte terroristens kode, uden at telefonen selvdestruerer, eller det tager årtier at gætte rigtigt, skriver FBI-direktør James B. Comey.
- Måske indeholder telefonen spor til at finde flere terrorister. Måske ikke.
- Men vi kan ikke se de overlevende - eller os selv - i øjnene, hvis vi ikke forfølger disse spor.
The San Bernardino litigation isn’t about trying to set a precedent or send any kind of message. It is about the victims and justice. Fourteen people were slaughtered and many more had their lives and bodies ruined. We owe them a thorough and professional investigation under law. That’s what this is. The American people should expect nothing less from the FBI.
The particular legal issue is actually quite narrow. The relief we seek is limited and its value increasingly obsolete because the technology continues to evolve. We simply want the chance, with a search warrant, to try to guess the terrorist’s passcode without the phone essentially self-destructing and without it taking a decade to guess correctly. That’s it. We don’t want to break anyone’s encryption or set a master key loose on the land. I hope thoughtful people will take the time to understand that. Maybe the phone holds the clue to finding more terrorists. Maybe it doesn’t. But we can’t look the survivors in the eye, or ourselves in the mirror, if we don’t follow this lead.
Reflecting the context of this heart-breaking case, I hope folks will take a deep breath and stop saying the world is ending, but instead use that breath to talk to each other. Although this case is about the innocents attacked in San Bernardino, it does highlight that we have awesome new technology that creates a serious tension between two values we all treasure—privacy and safety. That tension should not be resolved by corporations that sell stuff for a living. It also should not be resolved by the FBI, which investigates for a living. It should be resolved by the American people deciding how we want to govern ourselves in a world we have never seen before. We shouldn’t drift to a place—or be pushed to a place by the loudest voices—because finding the right place, the right balance, will matter to every American for a very long time.
So I hope folks will remember what terrorists did to innocent Americans at a San Bernardino office gathering and why the FBI simply must do all we can under the law to investigate that. And in that sober spirit, I also hope all Americans will participate in the long conversation we must have about how to both embrace the technology we love and get the safety we need.
Apple: Det er en principsag
Hos Apple står man fast på, at sagen er principiel og slet ikke handler om, hvilken side man sætter sig på.
Selv ofrene bør have en interesse i, at kryptering af data er solid og ikke kan gradbøjes, mener firmaet.
For når man først har åbnet en telefon, vil både amerikanske og andre landes myndigheder forlange samme adgang.
Og måske sker det næste gang i et diktatur som Kinas, hvor terrorister er alle dem, der ikke er enige med det herskende parti.
Sagen mellem FBI og Apple føres netop nu ved en amerikansk domstol og forventes at kunne tage flere år, før den er endeligt afgjort.
Mandag sendte chefen for Apple, Tim Cook, i øvrigt nedenstående besked til de ansatte i firmaet om sagen.
Last week we asked our customers and people across the United States to join a public dialogue about important issues facing our country. In the week since that letter, I’ve been grateful for the thought and discussion we’ve heard and read, as well as the outpouring of support we’ve received from across America.
As individuals and as a company, we have no tolerance or sympathy for terrorists. When they commit unspeakable acts like the tragic attacks in San Bernardino, we work to help the authorities pursue justice for the victims. And that’s exactly what we did.
This case is about much more than a single phone or a single investigation, so when we received the government’s order we knew we had to speak out. At stake is the data security of hundreds of millions of law-abiding people, and setting a dangerous precedent that threatens everyone’s civil liberties.
As you know, we use encryption to protect our customers — whose data is under siege. We work hard to improve security with every software release because the threats are becoming more frequent and more sophisticated all the time.
Some advocates of the government’s order want us to roll back data protections to iOS 7, which we released in September 2013. Starting with iOS 8, we began encrypting data in a way that not even the iPhone itself can read without the user’s passcode, so if it is lost or stolen, our personal data, conversations, financial and health information are far more secure. We all know that turning back the clock on that progress would be a terrible idea.
Our fellow citizens know it, too. Over the past week I’ve received messages from thousands of people in all 50 states, and the overwhelming majority are writing to voice their strong support. One email was from a 13-year-old app developer who thanked us for standing up for “all future generations.” And a 30-year Army veteran told me, “Like my freedom, I will always consider my privacy as a treasure.”
I’ve also heard from many of you and I am especially grateful for your support.
Many people still have questions about the case and we want to make sure they understand the facts. So today we are posting answers on apple.com/customer-letter/answers/ to provide more information on this issue. I encourage you to read them.
Apple is a uniquely American company. It does not feel right to be on the opposite side of the government in a case centering on the freedoms and liberties that government is meant to protect.
Our country has always been strongest when we come together. We feel the best way forward would be for the government to withdraw its demands under the All Writs Act and, as some in Congress have proposed, form a commission or other panel of experts on intelligence, technology and civil liberties to discuss the implications for law enforcement, national security, privacy and personal freedoms. Apple would gladly participate in such an effort.
People trust Apple to keep their data safe, and that data is an increasingly important part of everyone’s lives. You do an incredible job protecting them with the features we design into our products. Thank you.